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// Copyright 2014 The Gogs Authors. All rights reserved.
// Copyright 2017 The Gitea Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a MIT-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package mailer
import (
"bytes"
"crypto/tls"
"fmt"
"hash/fnv"
"io"
"net"
"net/smtp"
"os"
"os/exec"
"strings"
"time"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/base"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/graceful"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/log"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/process"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/queue"
"code.gitea.io/gitea/modules/setting"
"github.com/jaytaylor/html2text"
"gopkg.in/gomail.v2"
)
// Message mail body and log info
type Message struct {
Info string // Message information for log purpose.
FromAddress string
FromDisplayName string
To []string
Subject string
Date time.Time
Body string
Headers map[string][]string
}
// ToMessage converts a Message to gomail.Message
func (m *Message) ToMessage() *gomail.Message {
msg := gomail.NewMessage()
msg.SetAddressHeader("From", m.FromAddress, m.FromDisplayName)
msg.SetHeader("To", m.To...)
for header := range m.Headers {
msg.SetHeader(header, m.Headers[header]...)
}
if len(setting.MailService.SubjectPrefix) > 0 {
msg.SetHeader("Subject", setting.MailService.SubjectPrefix+" "+m.Subject)
} else {
msg.SetHeader("Subject", m.Subject)
}
msg.SetDateHeader("Date", m.Date)
msg.SetHeader("X-Auto-Response-Suppress", "All")
plainBody, err := html2text.FromString(m.Body)
if err != nil || setting.MailService.SendAsPlainText {
if strings.Contains(base.TruncateString(m.Body, 100), "<html>") {
log.Warn("Mail contains HTML but configured to send as plain text.")
}
msg.SetBody("text/plain", plainBody)
} else {
msg.SetBody("text/plain", plainBody)
msg.AddAlternative("text/html", m.Body)
}
if len(msg.GetHeader("Message-ID")) == 0 {
msg.SetHeader("Message-ID", m.generateAutoMessageID())
}
return msg
}
// SetHeader adds additional headers to a message
func (m *Message) SetHeader(field string, value ...string) {
m.Headers[field] = value
}
func (m *Message) generateAutoMessageID() string {
dateMs := m.Date.UnixNano() / 1e6
h := fnv.New64()
if len(m.To) > 0 {
_, _ = h.Write([]byte(m.To[0]))
}
_, _ = h.Write([]byte(m.Subject))
_, _ = h.Write([]byte(m.Body))
return fmt.Sprintf("<autogen-%d-%016x@%s>", dateMs, h.Sum64(), setting.Domain)
}
// NewMessageFrom creates new mail message object with custom From header.
func NewMessageFrom(to []string, fromDisplayName, fromAddress, subject, body string) *Message {
log.Trace("NewMessageFrom (body):\n%s", body)
return &Message{
FromAddress: fromAddress,
FromDisplayName: fromDisplayName,
To: to,
Subject: subject,
Date: time.Now(),
Body: body,
Headers: map[string][]string{},
}
}
// NewMessage creates new mail message object with default From header.
func NewMessage(to []string, subject, body string) *Message {
return NewMessageFrom(to, setting.MailService.FromName, setting.MailService.FromEmail, subject, body)
}
type loginAuth struct {
username, password string
}
// LoginAuth SMTP AUTH LOGIN Auth Handler
func LoginAuth(username, password string) smtp.Auth {
return &loginAuth{username, password}
}
// Start start SMTP login auth
func (a *loginAuth) Start(server *smtp.ServerInfo) (string, []byte, error) {
return "LOGIN", []byte{}, nil
}
// Next next step of SMTP login auth
func (a *loginAuth) Next(fromServer []byte, more bool) ([]byte, error) {
if more {
switch string(fromServer) {
case "Username:":
return []byte(a.username), nil
case "Password:":
return []byte(a.password), nil
default:
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unknown fromServer: %s", string(fromServer))
}
}
return nil, nil
}
// Sender SMTP mail sender
type smtpSender struct{}
// Send send email
func (s *smtpSender) Send(from string, to []string, msg io.WriterTo) error {
opts := setting.MailService
var network string
var address string
if opts.Protocol == "smtp+unix" {
network = "unix"
address = opts.SMTPAddr
} else {
network = "tcp"
address = net.JoinHostPort(opts.SMTPAddr, opts.SMTPPort)
}
conn, err := net.Dial(network, address)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to establish network connection to SMTP server: %v", err)
}
defer conn.Close()
var tlsconfig *tls.Config
if opts.Protocol == "smtps" || opts.Protocol == "smtp+startls" {
tlsconfig = &tls.Config{
InsecureSkipVerify: opts.ForceTrustServerCert,
ServerName: opts.SMTPAddr,
}
if opts.UseClientCert {
cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair(opts.ClientCertFile, opts.ClientKeyFile)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("could not load SMTP client certificate: %v", err)
}
tlsconfig.Certificates = []tls.Certificate{cert}
}
}
if opts.Protocol == "smtps" {
conn = tls.Client(conn, tlsconfig)
}
host := "localhost"
if opts.Protocol == "smtp+unix" {
host = opts.SMTPAddr
}
client, err := smtp.NewClient(conn, host)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("could not initiate SMTP session: %v", err)
}
if opts.EnableHelo {
hostname := opts.HeloHostname
if len(hostname) == 0 {
hostname, err = os.Hostname()
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("could not retrieve system hostname: %v", err)
}
}
if err = client.Hello(hostname); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to issue HELO command: %v", err)
}
}
if opts.Protocol == "smtp+startls" {
hasStartTLS, _ := client.Extension("STARTTLS")
if hasStartTLS {
if err = client.StartTLS(tlsconfig); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to start TLS connection: %v", err)
}
} else {
log.Warn("StartTLS requested, but SMTP server does not support it; falling back to regular SMTP")
}
}
canAuth, options := client.Extension("AUTH")
if len(opts.User) > 0 {
if !canAuth {
return fmt.Errorf("SMTP server does not support AUTH, but credentials provided")
}
var auth smtp.Auth
if strings.Contains(options, "CRAM-MD5") {
auth = smtp.CRAMMD5Auth(opts.User, opts.Passwd)
} else if strings.Contains(options, "PLAIN") {
auth = smtp.PlainAuth("", opts.User, opts.Passwd, host)
} else if strings.Contains(options, "LOGIN") {
// Patch for AUTH LOGIN
auth = LoginAuth(opts.User, opts.Passwd)
}
if auth != nil {
if err = client.Auth(auth); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to authenticate SMTP: %v", err)
}
}
}
if opts.OverrideEnvelopeFrom {
if err = client.Mail(opts.EnvelopeFrom); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to issue MAIL command: %v", err)
}
} else {
if err = client.Mail(from); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to issue MAIL command: %v", err)
}
}
for _, rec := range to {
if err = client.Rcpt(rec); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to issue RCPT command: %v", err)
}
}
w, err := client.Data()
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to issue DATA command: %v", err)
} else if _, err = msg.WriteTo(w); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("SMTP write failed: %v", err)
} else if err = w.Close(); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("SMTP close failed: %v", err)
}
return client.Quit()
}
// Sender sendmail mail sender
type sendmailSender struct{}
// Send send email
func (s *sendmailSender) Send(from string, to []string, msg io.WriterTo) error {
var err error
var closeError error
var waitError error
envelopeFrom := from
if setting.MailService.OverrideEnvelopeFrom {
envelopeFrom = setting.MailService.EnvelopeFrom
}
args := []string{"-f", envelopeFrom, "-i"}
args = append(args, setting.MailService.SendmailArgs...)
args = append(args, to...)
log.Trace("Sending with: %s %v", setting.MailService.SendmailPath, args)
desc := fmt.Sprintf("SendMail: %s %v", setting.MailService.SendmailPath, args)
ctx, _, finished := process.GetManager().AddContextTimeout(graceful.GetManager().HammerContext(), setting.MailService.SendmailTimeout, desc)
defer finished()
cmd := exec.CommandContext(ctx, setting.MailService.SendmailPath, args...)
pipe, err := cmd.StdinPipe()
if err != nil {
return err
}
process.SetSysProcAttribute(cmd)
if err = cmd.Start(); err != nil {
_ = pipe.Close()
return err
}
if setting.MailService.SendmailConvertCRLF {
buf := &strings.Builder{}
_, err = msg.WriteTo(buf)
if err == nil {
_, err = strings.NewReplacer("\r\n", "\n").WriteString(pipe, buf.String())
}
} else {
_, err = msg.WriteTo(pipe)
}
// we MUST close the pipe or sendmail will hang waiting for more of the message
// Also we should wait on our sendmail command even if something fails
closeError = pipe.Close()
waitError = cmd.Wait()
if err != nil {
return err
} else if closeError != nil {
return closeError
} else {
return waitError
}
}
// Sender sendmail mail sender
type dummySender struct{}
// Send send email
func (s *dummySender) Send(from string, to []string, msg io.WriterTo) error {
buf := bytes.Buffer{}
if _, err := msg.WriteTo(&buf); err != nil {
return err
}
log.Info("Mail From: %s To: %v Body: %s", from, to, buf.String())
return nil
}
var mailQueue queue.Queue
// Sender sender for sending mail synchronously
var Sender gomail.Sender
// NewContext start mail queue service
func NewContext() {
// Need to check if mailQueue is nil because in during reinstall (user had installed
// before but switched install lock off), this function will be called again
// while mail queue is already processing tasks, and produces a race condition.
if setting.MailService == nil || mailQueue != nil {
return
}
switch setting.MailService.Protocol {
case "sendmail":
Sender = &sendmailSender{}
case "dummy":
Sender = &dummySender{}
default:
Sender = &smtpSender{}
}
mailQueue = queue.CreateQueue("mail", func(data ...queue.Data) []queue.Data {
for _, datum := range data {
msg := datum.(*Message)
gomailMsg := msg.ToMessage()
log.Trace("New e-mail sending request %s: %s", gomailMsg.GetHeader("To"), msg.Info)
if err := gomail.Send(Sender, gomailMsg); err != nil {
log.Error("Failed to send emails %s: %s - %v", gomailMsg.GetHeader("To"), msg.Info, err)
} else {
log.Trace("E-mails sent %s: %s", gomailMsg.GetHeader("To"), msg.Info)
}
}
return nil
}, &Message{})
go graceful.GetManager().RunWithShutdownFns(mailQueue.Run)
}
// SendAsync send mail asynchronously
func SendAsync(msg *Message) {
SendAsyncs([]*Message{msg})
}
// SendAsyncs send mails asynchronously
func SendAsyncs(msgs []*Message) {
if setting.MailService == nil {
log.Error("Mailer: SendAsyncs is being invoked but mail service hasn't been initialized")
return
}
go func() {
for _, msg := range msgs {
_ = mailQueue.Push(msg)
}
}()
}